Frequently asked questions about HIV / AIDS

How can HIV be transmitted? What is 'risky behavior'?

HIV is present in sexual body fluids, blood and milk of infected people in a sufficient, infectious concentration that can transmit the infection.
Risky behavior is any activity that allows HIV to be transmitted from one person to another. Therefore, the sexual intercourse without a condom makes a risk because if the virus is present in body fluids of an infected person it could be transferred into the body of a sexual partner.

The correct use of condoms is a very effective way of preventing transmission of HIV during sex.

Contact with the blood of an infected person is a risk if it allows the virus to pass into the body of another person through cuts and other injuries on skin and mucosa. Therefore, it is risky to be pricked or injected with a needle and/or syringe that has been already used by another person.

There is possibility that infected women transmit the virus to her baby during pregnancy,birth of the child or through breast-feeding.

It is not possible to become infected with HIV through:
• touching, hugging, shaking hands or kissing (one word - everyday social contacts)
• bites and stings of insects and animals
• cutlery and dishes (plates, spoons, etc.).
• food prepared by the HIV positive person

More details about the transmission of HIV can be found at page:

What is safe sex?

Safe sex is one that involves adequate protection. Using a condom makes transmission of the virus from person to person during sexual intercourse very unlikely, almost impossible. When it is used properly, a condom represents a physical barrier that prevents infected bodily fluid to enter the bloodstream of another person.

Is there a cure for AIDS?

Currently, there is no cure.

Today, advanced medical treatments that can slow down the progress of the disease and for a certain period of time reduce its impact, are available in many countries. But, unfortunately, a drug that could totally cure AIDS has not yet been found. Because of this, the preventive measures are of great importance!

Not to get HIV is the only real way to combat this devastating and incurable disease.